Canine Urinary Tract Infection
Causes, Symptoms and Treatment
Canine urinary tract infection (UTI) and dog bladder infection
(cystitis) are very common disorders in dogs.
In some situations, urinary tract infections in dogs may not cause any
may resolve on their own without any
medical intervention. However, in other situations, a canine urinary
lead to life-threatening illnesses if not
Infection in the urinary tract causes inflammation which reduces the
size of the urethra (the tube that carries urine out of the
body), making urination more difficult.
This can cause a
canine urinary tract infection to spread bacteria to the dog's kidneys,
and other organs, resulting in illnesses such as acute
canine renal failure
stones in dogs
These conditions can in turn cause further
obstruction of urine flow,
dehydration, acidosis, uremic poisoning, hyperkalemia
or septicemia - all of
which can result in death.
Here's what you need to know about the causes, symptoms, diagnosis and
treatment for dog urinary tract infection.
Causes of Dog Urinary Tract Infection
Urinary tract infections in dogs are caused by intestinal or
environmental bacteria which enter the dog's body through the
Common bacteria includes: klebsiella,
pseudomonas, proteus mirabilis,
esterococcus, coagulase positive straphyloccocus, and escherichia coli
Infection can occur:
- At a single site causing inflammation in the
kidneys, ureters, bladder,
urethra or the prostate gland,
- At multiple
- In the urine.
Upper canine UTIs include
the kidney and ureter, and lower UTIs include the urethra
and the bladder. In many cases urinary tract infections can spread to the lining of
the bladder resulting in bladder infections in dogs.
Although dog UTIs can occur in both sexes, female dogs
are far more susceptible to canine urinary tract infections due
shorter and wider urethra. Having
a shorter urethra means they are more likely to
and other microorganisms in their system, thus increasing
the risk of
more prone to urinary tract infections appear to
Dalmatians, Dachshunds, German
Shepherd Dogs, Pugs, and Irish and Cairn Terriers.
Symptoms of Canine Urinary Tract Infections
The signs that your dog may have a UTI include:
- Increased frequency of urination
- Sudden incontinence such as dribbling on the
floor and urinating in inappropriate places
- Increased volume of urination
- Straining, difficulty and/or pain when
- Excessive thirst
- Blood or pus in the urine
- Foul smelling urine
- Fatigue and lethargy
- Lower back pain.
symptoms of dog bladder infection and UTI are also associated
with other serious dog urinary illnesses, including canine
which can be life-threatening
if not treated as a medical emergency!
Take your dog to a veterinarian for a
correct diagnosis and appropriate treatment.
Diagnosis and Treatment for Urinary Tract
Infections in Dogs
your dog is showing symptoms of canine urinary tract
infection, your vet will test a
urine sample for a variety of factors including blood cell
counts, urine concentration, and bacteria or other foreign
present in your dog's urine.
We suggest you arrive at your veterinary appointment prepared, and try
to capture a sample of your dog's
urine to take with you.
If the urine tests positive for bacteria, typical treatment
is a course of antibiotics to eliminate the
UTI. Homeopathic bladder infection treatment may be an option
offered by holistic veterinarians.
At the end of the antibiotic treatment, your
vet should repeat cultures periodically to ensure your dog's urinary tract infection has cleared
Suspect a UTI in your pooch?
would value a second
opinion about your dog's UTI diagnosis and
treatment, we highly recommend you consider the
following very reputable on-line service.
Ask a Vet is extremely inexpensive (average cost $9 - $15) and
offers prompt one-on-one response from a qualified veterinarian.
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usually only indicated as a treatment aid for various dog health problems
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Canine Urinary Tract Infection